English-German Dictionary



Your information may, for example, be transferred or transmitted to, or stored and processed in the United States or other countries outside of where you live for the purposes as described in this Privacy Policy. The types of information we receive and collect depend on how you use our Services. To share information with the Facebook Companies to promote safety and security.

Bedeutungsübersicht


Es kann getan werden, aber soweit es mich betrifft, gibt es kaum jemals eine klare Arbeit. Statistische Arbitrage könnte etwas, was Sie suchen, google es oder eine Suche auf ff. Aber ich glaube wirklich, Sie sollten nicht wirklich mit arbing so versuchen, sich auf Hedging konzentrieren, das kann ziemlich profitabel sein, wenn Sie es richtig machen, und es gibt weit mehr Hedge-Systeme als arb Systeme.

Werfen Sie einen Blick auf diese: Tun ein wenig Lesen auf sie, es hat viel mehr Potenzial als Arbing. Ohh eine weitere Sache. Gibt es ein risikofreies Arbitragesystem, das auf der einen Seite einen Broker und auf der anderen Seite ein Spread Betting-Unternehmen verwendet.

Dass Sie etwas Kapital haben müssen, um Geld zu verdienen und Sie brauchen einen volatilen Markt, um es rentabel zu machen. Dies ist nur meine Meinung, einige Leute können genau das Gegenteil sagen, einige können zustimmen, so das Beste, was Sie tun können, ist für sich selbst entscheiden, aber eines ist sicher: Sie sollten wählen, ein und meistern es leid dieser Beitrag Ist ein bisschen chaotisch, sagen Sie mir, wenn Sie irgendwo verwirrt.

Rot - Aufwärtstrend, Blau - Ab - Trend. Diese benutzerdefinierte MT4-Anzeige erlaubt auch die Auswahl der Zeitrahmen, die angezeigt werden sollen. Verwenden Sie die folgenden Parameter: Zum Beispiel, wenn wir haben: Täglich - rot, 4 Stunden - rot, 1 Stunde - rot, aber 15 min - blau gibt es ein Retracement auf 15 min Diagramm, ist es eine gute Idee, die 15 min Preis-Chart und Beobachten Sie für gute Einstiegschancen am Ende des Retracement.

Forex Freiheit Il primo libro che insegna le tecniche di handel che possono essere usate pro creare entrate semi automatiche. Con Devisenfreiheit potete imparare eine crear le vostre entrate passiv con operazioni ein lungo termine di grande efficacia. Dopo la parte teorica, il libro contiene nummeriert esercizi sotto forma di quiz.

Al suo interno vi sono i Verbindung pro visionare numerosi Video in cui lautore fa Handel con queste stesse tecniche. Sie haben keine Berechtigung zur Stellungnahme. Per spedizioni allestero clicca qui. Voraussetzungen sind eine inländische Gesellschaft.

Nicht mehr als Aktionäre, darunter nur berechtigte Aktionäre und nur eine Klasse von Aktien. Die Anteilseigner melden derartige Erträge und Verluste aus ihren persönlichen Steuererklärungen und besteuern die individuellen Ertragssteuersätze. S-Konzerne zahlen Steuern auf bestimmte integrierte Gewinne und passives Einkommen auf Unternehmensebene.

Partnerschaften, Kapitalgesellschaften und gebietsfremde Ausländer gelten nicht als Anteilseigner. Bestimmte Finanzinstitute, Versicherungsgesellschaften und inländische internationale Vertriebsgesellschaften dürfen nicht als S-Gesellschaften einreichen. Darüber hinaus können Aktionäre Mitarbeiter des Unternehmens, ziehen Mitarbeiter Gehälter und erhalten Dividenden oder andere Ausschüttungen, die steuerfrei in Bezug auf jede Aktionäre Investitionen in das Geschäft.

Charakterisierung von Ausschüttungen als Gehalt oder Dividenden können helfen, die Eigentümer reduzieren die Haftung für die selbständige Erwerbstätigkeit bei der Generierung von Business-Kosten und Lohnabzüge. Darüber hinaus ist die S-Gesellschaft nicht zahlen Bundessteuern auf Unternehmensebene, die Verluste können andere Einnahmen aus der Anteilseigner Steuererklärungen kompensieren.

Einsparunggeld auf Unternehmenssteuern ist vorteilhaft, besonders wenn ein Geschäft neu gegründet wird. Auch können Anteile an einer S-Gesellschaft ohne nachteilige steuerliche Konsequenzen übertragen, Anpassungen der Immobilienbasis oder die Einhaltung komplexer Rechnungslegungsvorschriften vorgenommen werden.

Daher, wenn die Löhne als Dividenden gekennzeichnet sind, verliert das Unternehmen einen Abzug für die Entschädigung gezahlt. Ähnlich, wenn Dividenden als Löhne charakterisiert werden, zahlt das Geschäft mehr in der Beschäftigungssteuern. Dies geschieht selten und wird oft schnell korrigiert. Die Gebühren sind in der Regel kostengünstig und können als Kosten für die Geschäftstätigkeit abgezogen werden. Instrumente, die vom Unternehmen dem Arbeitnehmer gewährt werden, wobei dem Arbeitnehmer das Recht eingeräumt wird, Aktien zu einem bestimmten Preis zu einem bestimmten Zeitpunkt zu erwerben.

Nach IRC 83 e 3 werden die Optionen zum Zeitpunkt der Gewährung nicht besteuert, es sei denn, sie haben einen leicht feststellbaren Marktwert. Muss vorsichtig sein, dass Optionen nicht eine zweite Klasse von Aktien zu schaffen und verletzen S Corporation Status. Anreizoptionen gewähren dem Inhaber jedoch eine besondere steuerliche Behandlung, die dem Inhaber einer nicht qualifizierten Aktienoption nicht zur Verfügung steht, sofern die Anreizoption den strengen gesetzlichen Voraussetzungen entspricht.

Wenn diese Voraussetzungen erfüllt sind, kann der Inhaber im Allgemeinen die steuerfreien Optionen ausüben und das steuerpflichtige Ereignis bis zum Verkauf der Aktie nach einer zweijährigen Haltedauer der Option und einer Einmal - Jahres-Haltedauer der Aktie für Kapitalertragsbehandlung.

Stimmberechtigte oder stimmberechtigte Aktien, die bestimmte Beschränkungen enthalten, wie z. Die Aktie wird zu Anschaffungskosten oder Nominalkosten an den Arbeitnehmer ausgeliehen, wobei die Beschränkungen häufig nach einem Wartezeitplan aufgehoben werden. Einschränkungen stellen in der Regel ein erhebliches Verzugsrisiko dar, wodurch die Besteuerung des Arbeitnehmers nach IRC 83 a und der Abzug des Arbeitgebers bis zu einem Zeitpunkt verfällt, in dem das wesentliche Verzugsrisiko verfallen ist.

Der Arbeitnehmer ist während des Erdienungszeitraums nicht Aktionär. Infolgedessen stellt die Verwendung von eingeschränkten Beständen einen Weg dar, die Besteuerung oder die Besteuerung des Arbeitnehmers über mehrere Jahre hinaus zu verschieben und gleichzeitig die Leistungen des Arbeitnehmers beizubehalten.

Kann potenzielle Probleme verursachen, wenn die Aktie während der Restriktionszeit als zweite Aktienklasse behandelt wird. Dass a die Ausgabe nicht stimmberechtigter Stammaktien nicht dazu führen wird, dass die S-Gesellschaft mehr als eine Aktienklasse hat, b der Arbeitnehmer während der Erdienungszeit kein Aktionär ist, sondern ein Aktionär wird, wenn er c der Anteilseigner s ist Übertragung von Anreizbeständen an den Arbeitnehmer wird als ein Beitrag der Aktien an die S-Gesellschaft und eine sofortige Übertragung von der S-Gesellschaft an den Arbeitnehmer im Rahmen des IRC 83 behandelt.

Phantom StockStock Appreciation Rights 1. Der Arbeitnehmer wird zu dem Zeitpunkt, zu dem diese Beträge auf seinem Konto gutgeschrieben werden, keine Steuern zahlen, die Zahlungen des Mitarbeiters an den Phantomeinheiten werden jedoch als Ausgleichsereignis behandelt, das der Steuer unterliegt und von der S-Gesellschaft abziehbar ist. Mai wies darauf hin, dass Phantom Stock und andere ähnliche Arrangements nicht eine zweite Klasse von Aktien, solange sie angeboten werden, um Mitarbeiter, sind nicht Eigentum unter Regs.

Ähnlich wie Phantom Stock. Stellt das Recht dar, die Aufwertung des Wertes eines Aktienanteils, der zwischen dem Tag der Gewährung und dem Zeitpunkt der Ausübung auftritt, zu erhalten. Der Zuschuss ist jedoch nicht steuerpflichtig, der Arbeitnehmer muss jedoch alle Leistungen als steuerpflichtige Entschädigung behandeln, zu welcher Zeit der Arbeitgeber auch einen Abzug erhält. Verbunden mit der Unternehmensleistung.

Anteile, die Aktien entsprechen, werden einem Mitarbeiterkonto gutgeschrieben. Die Anzahl der zuzuteilenden Aktien beruht im Allgemeinen auf dem Marktwert der Arbeitgeberaktie oder bei börsennotierten Gesellschaften. Gerichte werden umgegliedert, wenn Aktionäre, die nicht aktiv an einer Unternehmensgesellschaft beteiligt sind, vgl Davas v.

Auf der Grundlage des Sachverhalts in diesem Fall war kein Abzug zulässig. Angestellte müssen angemessen gezahlt werden. S-Gesellschaften und selbständige Erwerbstätigkeit Rev.

Durando gegen Vereinigte Staaten. IRC a 1. Jeder 2 Aktionär wird als Partner einer solchen Partnerschaft behandelt. Vergleich mit der C-Corporation und den Partnerschaftsgesellschaften 4. Allerdings bedeuten die längerfristigen Charts und die zugrundeliegende Makro-Situation, dass das Bild nicht so klar ist, wie es scheint. Neuseeland war vor kurzem etwas von einem Liebling. Eine schnurgerose Wirtschaft, ein ausgezeichnetes Rugby-Team und einige der höchsten Zinsen in den entwickelten Welt halten den Neuseeland-Dollar gefragt.

Um einen Moment abzuschweifen, in Neuseeland, haben wir ein Sprichwort. Wie ein Opossum in den Scheinwerfern. Bedeutung verwirrt, disorientiert oder unentschlossen. Obwohl sie nicht senken Preise sagten sie mehr Kürzungen werden erforderlich sein und die NZD war zu hoch. Dieser Zusammenfluss von Ereignissen hat gesehen, dass die Kiwi einige ziemlich bärische Formationen gegen einige Währungen zurückverfolgen.

Das kann aber nicht die ganze Geschichte erzählen. Als Leser wissen, meine Behauptung ist, dass die Kiwi wird nicht in der Lage, signifikante Sell-offs so lange beibehalten, wie es einige der höchsten entwickelten Welt Erträge hat. Die Unterstützung liegt bei und dann bei Der Widerstand liegt bei Und dann Das Bild ist auf dem Wochenschema anders.

Eine Schlange der langfristigen Unterstützung liegt unten. Machte neue Höhen und dann geschlossen viel weniger als am Vortag. Dort oben um Sinnvolle Unterstützung erscheint nicht bis Sicherlich, Chart-weise gibt es Raum zu testen niedriger von hier aus. Die wöchentliche Tabelle erzählt eine andere Geschichte. Ein wesentlicher Widerstand aus der Dreiecksspitze liegt bei 1, Unterstützung in der 1. Es ist so einfach. Von einer Makroperspektive ignorieren Händler dies auf ihre Gefahr.

Wieder ist der Schein trügerisch. Die tägliche Chart unten zeigt das Kreuz, das eine grobe Trendlinie gebrochen hat, die zurück zu Anfang Juni geht. Weve hatte einige falsche Brüche vorher, aber es ist die Natur dieses, das es auseinander setzt. Widerstand ist bei der Trendlinie bei und dann Kleine Unterstützung bei Die umgekehrte Kopf - und Schulterbildung, die ich vorher gesprochen habe, bleibt intakt.

Der Vorbehalt hier ist die riesige Umkehrwoche, die wir hatten. For WhatsApp users who live in the United States or Canada, WhatsApp and you each agree to waive the right to a trial by judge or jury for all Disputes, except for the Excluded Disputes.

WhatsApp and you agree that all Disputes except for the Excluded Disputes , including those relating to, arising out of, or in any way in connection with your rights of privacy and publicity, will be resolved through final and binding arbitration. WhatsApp and you agree not to combine a Dispute that is subject to arbitration under our Terms with a Dispute that is not eligible for arbitration under our Terms. The arbitration will be presided over by a single arbitrator selected in accordance with the AAA Rules.

The AAA Rules, information regarding initiating a Dispute, and a description of the arbitration process are available at www. The arbitrator will decide whether a Dispute can be arbitrated. The location of the arbitration and the allocation of fees and costs for such arbitration shall be determined in accordance with the AAA Rules. You may opt out of this agreement to arbitrate. If you do so, neither we nor you can require the other to participate in an arbitration proceeding.

To opt out, you must notify us in writing postmarked within 30 days of the later of: You must use this address to opt out:.

As an alternative to arbitration, if permitted by your local "small claims" court's rules, you may bring your Dispute in your local "small claims" court, as long as the matter advances on an individual non-class basis. Time Limit To Bring Claim. We and you agree that for any Dispute except for the Excluded Disputes we and you must bring claims including commencing an arbitration proceeding within one year after the Dispute first arose; otherwise, such Dispute is permanently barred.

This means that if we or you do not bring a claim including commencing an arbitration within one year after the Dispute first arose, then the claim will be dismissed because it was started too late. We and you each agree that if you are a WhatsApp user located in the United States or Canada, each of we and you may bring Disputes against the other only on its or your own behalf, and not on behalf of any other person or entity, or any class of people. We and you each agree not to participate in a class action, a class-wide arbitration, Disputes brought in a private attorney general or representative capacity, or consolidated Disputes involving any other person or entity in connection with any Dispute.

If the prohibition against class actions and other Disputes brought on behalf of third parties is found to be unenforceable for a Dispute, then all of the provisions above under the caption "Special Arbitration Provision for United States or Canada Users" will be null and void as to that Dispute.

If you opt out of the agreement to arbitrate, if your Dispute is an Excluded Dispute, or if the arbitration agreement is found to be unenforceable, you agree to be subject to the applicable provision in the "Dispute Resolution" section set forth above. To access our Terms in certain other languages, change the language setting for your WhatsApp session. If our Terms are not available in the language you select, we will default to the English version.

Please review the following documents, which provide additional information about your use of our Services:. Respect for your privacy is coded into our DNA. Since we started WhatsApp, we've aspired to build our Services with a set of strong privacy principles in mind. If you live in a country in the European Economic Area which includes the European Union , and any other included country or territory collectively referred to as the European Region , your Services are provided by WhatsApp Ireland Limited "WhatsApp Ireland" , which is also the data controller responsible for your information when you use our Services.

Our Privacy Policy "Privacy Policy" helps explain our information including message practices, including the information we process to support our Services. For example, we talk about what information we collect and how this affects you. We also explain the steps we take to protect your privacy - like building WhatsApp so delivered messages aren't stored and giving you control over who you communicate with on our Services. WhatsApp must receive or collect some information to operate, provide, improve, understand, customize, support, and market our Services, including when you install, access, or use our Services.

The types of information we receive and collect depend on how you use our Services. You provide your mobile phone number and basic information including a profile name to create a WhatsApp account.

You provide us, all in accordance with applicable laws, the phone numbers in your mobile address book on a regular basis, including those of both the users of our Services and your other contacts. You may provide us an email address. You may also add other information to your account, such as a profile picture and about information.

We do not retain your messages in the ordinary course of providing our Services to you. Once your messages including your chats, photos, videos, voice messages, files, and share location information are delivered, they are deleted from our servers.

Your messages are stored on your own device. If a message cannot be delivered immediately for example, if you are offline , we may keep it on our servers for up to 30 days as we try to deliver it. If a message is still undelivered after 30 days, we delete it. To improve performance and deliver media messages more efficiently, such as when many people are sharing a popular photo or video, we may retain that content on our servers for a longer period of time. We also offer end-to-end encryption for our Services, which is on by default, when you and the people with whom you message use a version of our app released after April 2, End-to-end encryption means that your messages are encrypted to protect against us and third parties from reading them.

To help you organize how you communicate with others, we may help you identify your contacts who also use WhatsApp, and you can create, join, or get added to groups and broadcast lists, and such groups and lists get associated with your account information. You give your groups a name. You may choose to provide a group profile picture or description.

If you use our payment services available in your country, we process purchase and transaction information as described in the applicable Payments Privacy Policy. You may provide us with information related to your use of our Services, including copies of your messages, and how to contact you so we can provide you customer support. For example, you may send us an email with information relating to our app performance or other issues.

Usage And Log Information. We collect information about your activity on our Services, like service-related, diagnostic, and performance information. This includes information about your activity including how you use our Services, your Services settings, how you interact with others using our Services, and the time, frequency, and duration of your activities and interactions , log files, and diagnostic, crash, website, and performance logs and reports.

This also includes information about when you registered to use our Services, the features you use like our messaging, calling, Status, or groups features, profile photo, about information, whether you are online, when you last used our Services your "last seen" , and when you last updated your about information.

Device And Connection Information. We collect device and connection-specific information when you install, access, or use our Services. This includes information like hardware model, operating system information, battery level, signal strength, app version, browser information, and mobile network, connection information including phone number, mobile operator or ISP, language and time zone, and IP, device operations information, and identifiers like device identifiers including identifiers unique to Facebook Company Products associated with the same device or account.

We collect device location information if you use our location features, like when you choose to share your location with your contacts, view locations nearby or those others have shared with you, and the like, and for diagnostics and troubleshooting purposes such as if you are having trouble with our app's location features.

We use various technologies to determine location, including IP, GPS, Bluetooth signals, and information about nearby Wi-Fi access points, beacons, and cell towers. We use cookies to operate and provide our Services, including to provide our Services that are web-based, improve your experiences, understand how our Services are being used, and customize our Services. For example, we use cookies to provide WhatsApp for web and desktop and other web-based services.

We may also use cookies to understand which of our FAQs are most popular and to show you relevant content related to our Services. Additionally, we may use cookies to remember your choices, like your language preferences, to provide a safer experience, and otherwise to customize our Services for you. Learn more about how we use cookies to provide you our Services. Information Others Provide About You. We receive information about you from other users and businesses.

For example, when other users or businesses you know use our Services, they may provide your phone number, name, and other information like information from their mobile address book or in the case of businesses, additional information about you such as unique identifiers , just as you may provide theirs, or they may send you a message, send messages to groups to which you belong, or call you.

We require each of these users and businesses to have lawful rights to collect, use, and share your information before providing any information to us. Businesses you interact with using WhatsApp provide us information about their interactions with you. A business on WhatsApp may also use another company to assist it in storing, reading, and responding to your messages on behalf of and in support of that business.

Please note that when businesses use third-party services, their own terms and privacy policies will govern your use of those services and their use of your information on those services. We work with third-party service providers and the Facebook Companies to help us operate, provide, improve, understand, customize, support, and market our Services. For example, we work with companies to distribute our apps, provide our infrastructure, delivery, and other systems, supply location, map, and places information, process payments, help us understand how people use our Services, market our Services, help you connect with businesses using our Services, conduct surveys and research for us, and help with customer service.

These companies may provide us information about you in certain circumstances; for example, app stores may provide us reports to help us diagnose and fix service issues.

We allow you to use our Services in connection with third-party services and Facebook Company Products. If you use our Services with such third-party services or Facebook Company Products, we may receive information about you from them; for example, if you use the WhatsApp share button on a news service to share a news article with your WhatsApp contacts, groups, or broadcast lists on our Services, or if you choose to access our Services through a mobile carrier's or device provider's promotion of our Services.

Please note that when you use third-party services or Facebook Company Products, their own terms and privacy policies will govern those services. We use the information we have subject to choices you make to operate, provide, improve, understand, customize, support, and market our Services.

We use the information we have to operate and provide our Services, including providing customer support, and improving, fixing, and customizing our Services.

We understand how people use our Services and analyze and use the information we have to evaluate and improve our Services, research, develop, and test new services and features, and conduct troubleshooting activities. We also use your information to respond to you when you contact us. We verify accounts and activity, and promote safety and security on and off our Services, such as by investigating suspicious activity or violations of our Terms, and to ensure our Services are being used legally.

We use the information we have to communicate with you about our Services and features and let you know about our terms and policies and other important updates. We may provide you marketing for our Services and those of the Facebook Companies.

No Third-Party Banner Ads. We still do not allow third-party banner ads on WhatsApp. We have no intention to introduce them, but if we ever do, we will update this policy. We will allow you and third parties, like businesses, to communicate with each other using WhatsApp, such as through order, transaction, and appointment information, delivery and shipping notifications, product and service updates, and marketing. For example, you may receive flight status information for upcoming travel, a receipt for something you purchased, or a notification when a delivery will be made.

We help businesses who use WhatsApp measure the effectiveness and distribution of their services and messages, and understand how people interact with them on our Services. You share your information as you use and communicate through our Services, and we share your information to help us operate, provide, improve, understand, customize, support, and market our Services.

You share your information including messages as you use and communicate through our Services. Your phone number, profile information, about information, last seen information, and receipts may be available to anyone who uses our Services, although you can configure your Services settings to manage certain information available to other users and businesses with whom you communicate. Your Contacts And Others. Users and businesses with whom you communicate may store or reshare your information including your phone number or messages with others on and off our Services.

You can use your Services settings and the block feature in our Services to manage the users of our Services with whom you communicate and certain information you share. When we share information with third-party service providers and the Facebook Companies in this capacity, we require them to use your information on our behalf in accordance with our instructions and terms.

When you use third-party services or Facebook Company Products that are integrated with our Services, they may receive information about what you share with them. For example, if you use a data backup service integrated with our Services like iCloud or Google Drive , they will receive information you share with them.

If you interact with a third-party service linked through our Services, you may be providing information directly to such third party. Please note that when you use third-party services or Facebook Company Products, their own terms and privacy policies will govern your use of those services. As part of the Facebook Companies, WhatsApp receives information from, and shares information with, the Facebook Companies.

We may use the information we receive from them, and they may use the information we share with them, to help operate, provide, improve, understand, customize, support, and market our Services and their offerings. This includes helping improve infrastructure and delivery systems, understanding how our Services or theirs are used, helping us provide a way for you to connect with businesses, and securing systems. We also share information to fight spam, threats, abuse, or infringement activities and promote safety and security across the Facebook Company Products.

However, your WhatsApp messages will not be shared onto Facebook for others to see. In fact, Facebook will not use your WhatsApp messages for any purpose other than to assist us in operating and providing our Services. All of our rights and obligations under our Privacy Policy are freely assignable by us to any of our affiliates, in connection with a merger, acquisition, restructuring, or sale of assets, or by operation of law or otherwise, and we may transfer your information to any of our affiliates, successor entities, or new owner.

We collect , use , and share the information we have as described above:. How You Exercise Your Rights. Under the General Data Protection Regulation or other applicable local laws, you have the right to access, rectify, port, and erase your information, as well as the right to restrict and object to certain processing of your information.

This includes the right to object to our processing of your information for direct marketing and the right to object to our processing of your information where we are performing a task in the public interest or pursuing our legitimate interests or those of a third party. You can access tools to rectify, update, and erase your information directly in-app as described in the Managing and Deleting Your Information section.

If we process your information based on our legitimate interests or those of a third party, or in the public interest, you can object to this processing, and we will cease processing your information, unless the processing is based on compelling legitimate grounds or is needed for legal reasons.

You can also object to our processing of your information and learn more about your options for restricting the way we use your information by going here. Where we use your information for direct marketing for our own Services, you can always object and opt out of future marketing messages using the unsubscribe link in such communications, or by using our in-app "Block" feature.

We store information until it is no longer necessary to provide our services, or until your account is deleted, whichever comes first. This is a case-by-case determination that depends on things like the nature of the information, why it is collected and processed, and relevant legal or operational retention needs. If you would like to manage, change, limit, or delete your information, we allow you to do that through the following tools:. You can change your Services settings to manage certain information available to other users.

You can manage your contacts, groups, and broadcast lists, or use our block feature to manage the users with whom you communicate. You must change your mobile phone number using our in-app change number feature and transfer your account to your new mobile phone number. You can also change your profile name, profile picture, and about information at any time. Deleting Your WhatsApp Account. You may delete your WhatsApp account at any time including if you want to revoke your consent to our use of your information using our in-app delete my account feature.

When you delete your WhatsApp account, your undelivered messages are deleted from our servers as well as any of your other information we no longer need to operate and provide our Services.

Be mindful that if you only delete our Services from your device without using our in-app delete my account feature, your information may be stored with us for a longer period. Please remember that when you delete your account, it does not affect the information other users have relating to you, such as their copy of the messages you sent them. We collect, use, preserve, and share your information if we have a good-faith belief that it is reasonably necessary to: WhatsApp Ireland shares information globally, both internally within the Facebook Companies, and externally with our partners and with those you communicate around the world in accordance with this Privacy Policy.

Information controlled by WhatsApp Ireland will be transferred or transmitted to, or stored and processed, in the United States or other countries outside of where you live for the purposes as described in this Privacy Policy. These data transfers are necessary to provide the Services set forth in our Terms and globally to operate and provide our Services to you. We utilize standard contract clauses approved by the European Commission, and may rely on the European Commission's adequacy decisions about certain countries, as applicable, for data transfers from the European Economic Area to the United States and other countries.

Your information may, for example, be transferred or transmitted to, or stored and processed in the United States or other countries outside of where you live for the purposes as described in this Privacy Policy. We will notify you before we make changes to this Privacy Policy and give you the opportunity to review the revised Privacy Policy before you choose to continue using our Services. If you have questions about our Privacy Policy, please contact us or write us here:.

WhatsApp Ireland Limited Attn: You have the right to lodge a complaint with WhatsApp Ireland's lead supervisory authority, The Irish Data Protection Commissioner, or your local supervisory authority. Under European law, companies must have a legal basis to process data. You have particular rights available to you depending on which legal basis we use, and we've explained these below.

You should know that no matter what legal basis applies, you always have the right to request access to, rectification of, and erasure of your data under the General Data Protection Regulation the "GDPR".

For all people who have legal capacity to enter into an enforceable contract, we process data as necessary to perform our contracts with you the Terms of Service , the "Terms". We describe the contractual services for which this data processing is necessary in Our Services section of the Terms and in the additional informational resources accessible from our Terms.

The core data uses necessary to provide our contractual services are:. We'll use the data we have to provide these services; if you choose not to provide certain data, the quality of your experience using WhatsApp may be impacted. When we process data you provide to us as necessary to perform our contracts with you, you have the right to port it under the GDPR. For collecting and using information you allow us to receive through the device-based settings when you enable them such as access to your GPS location, camera, or photos , so we can provide the features and services described when you enable the settings.

When we process data you provide to us based on your consent, you have the right to withdraw your consent at any time and to port that data you provide to us, under the GDPR. To exercise your rights, visit your device-based settings, your in app-based settings like your in-app location control, and the How You Exercise Your Rights section of the Privacy Policy.

Our legitimate interests or the legitimate interests of a third party, where not outweighed by your interests or fundamental rights and freedoms "legitimate interests": For people under the age of majority under 18, in most EU countries who have a limited ability to enter into an enforceable contract only , we may be unable to process personal data on the grounds of contractual necessity. Nevertheless, when such a person uses our Services, it is in our legitimate interests:.

For providing measurement, analytics, and other business services where we are processing data as a controller. The legitimate interests we rely on for this processing are:. For providing marketing communications to you.

To share information with others including law enforcement and to respond to legal requests. See our Privacy Policy under Law and Protection for more information. To share information with the Facebook Companies to promote safety and security. You have the right to object to, and seek restriction of, such processing; to exercise your rights, visit How You Exercise Your Rights section of the Privacy Policy.

We will consider several factors when assessing an objection including: Your objection will be upheld, and we will cease processing your information, unless the processing is based on compelling legitimate grounds or is needed for legal reasons. If you are under the age of majority in your country and have a limited ability to enter an enforceable contract, we will take particular account of the fact that you are below the age of majority and adjust our assessment of our legitimate interests and the balancing of your interests and rights accordingly.

For undertaking research and to promote safety and security, as described in more detail in our Privacy Policy under How We Use Information , where this is necessary in the public interest as laid down by European Union law or Member State law to which we are subject.

When we process your data as necessary for a task carried out in the public interest, you have the right to object to, and seek restriction of, our processing. In evaluating an objection, we'll evaluate several factors, including: Privacy Shield Framework and the Swiss-U. Privacy Shield Framework with the U. Within the scope of our authorization to do so, and in accordance with our commitments under Privacy Shield, WhatsApp will work with its Partners to provide individuals access to personal data about them that WhatsApp holds on behalf of its Partners.

WhatsApp will also take reasonable steps to enable individuals, either directly or in connection with the Partners, to correct, amend, or delete personal data that is demonstrated to be inaccurate. In accordance with the Privacy Shield Principles, WhatsApp is liable for any processing of personal data by such third parties that is inconsistent with the Privacy Shield Principles unless WhatsApp was not responsible for the event giving rise to any alleged damage. Personal data that is transferred to us by our Partners may be subject to disclosure pursuant to legal requests or other judicial and government process, such as subpoenas, warrants, or orders.

WhatsApp's compliance with the Privacy Shield Principles is subject to the investigatory and enforcement powers of the U. You have the option to resolve any applicable disputes you have with us in connection with our certification through TrustArc, an alternative dispute resolution provider based in the United States. In certain circumstances, the Privacy Shield Framework provides the right to invoke binding arbitration to resolve complaints not resolved by other means, as described in Annex I to the Privacy Shield Principles.

Additionally, as part of the Privacy Shield Framework, the U. State Department Senior Coordinator serves as the Ombudsperson to facilitate the processing of requests relating to national security access to data transmitted from the EU or Switzerland to the U. For more information about WhatsApp's privacy practices please review our Privacy Policy. Our users agree to our Terms of Service "Terms" by installing, accessing, or using our apps, services, features, software, or website together, "Services".

Our Terms do not allow our users to violate someone else's intellectual property rights when using our Services, including their copyrights and trademarks.

As explained in more detail in our Privacy Policy, we do not retain our users' messages in the ordinary course of providing our Services. We do, however, host our users' account information, including our users' profile picture, profile name, or status message, if they decide to include them as part of their account information. To report copyright infringement and request that WhatsApp remove any infringing content it is hosting such as a WhatsApp user's profile picture, profile name, or status message , please email a completed copyright infringement claim to ip whatsapp.

You can also mail a complete copyright infringement claim to WhatsApp's copyright agent:. Before you report a claim of copyright infringement, you may want to send a message to the relevant WhatsApp user you believe may be infringing your copyright.

You may be able to resolve the issue without contacting WhatsApp. To report trademark infringement and request that WhatsApp remove any infringing content it is hosting, please email a complete trademark infringement claim to ip whatsapp.

Before you report a claim of trademark infringement, you may want to send a message to the relevant WhatsApp user you believe may be infringing your trademark. Please include all of the following information when reporting a copyright or trademark infringement claim to WhatsApp:.

A cookie is a small text file that a website you visit asks your browser to store on your computer or mobile device. We use cookies to understand, secure, operate, and provide our Services. For example, we use cookies:. You can follow the instructions provided by your browser or device usually located under "Settings" or "Preferences" to modify your cookie settings.

Please note that if you set your browser or device to disable cookies, certain of our Services may not function properly. Here are some important points: Working together allows us to: Provide you fast and reliable messaging and calls around the world and understand how our services and features are performing.

Ensure safety and security across WhatsApp and the Facebook Company Products by removing spam accounts and combatting abusive activity.

For example, you could share a link to a post from Facebook to a WhatsApp chat.