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Americans also select most partisan candidates in primary elections, which are actually political party functions that are run by election administrators. He credits Hopper with suggesting the title The American Friend. Its as if Wenders shot long, fully drawn-out and rich scenes of dialogue but then went back and sliced it all up into little bits and pieces. Ripley picks up Zimmermann and they drive to his mansion to wait for the assassins Ripley expects to appear.

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Since the volunteers are usually representatives of the political parties, there are occasional, if inevitable, disagreements about the conduct of some local elections. The second step in the voting process is public access to a ballot.

For most eligible voters, this has meant going to a polling place near their homes to cast a vote. Across the nation, there is wide variation both in terms of the size of precincts geographically and the number of persons eligible and registered to vote in each one.

Decisions about equipment and ballot forms are made at the local level because these systems are paid for locally. Thus, the way that people vote — the kinds of equipment they use and how well it is maintained — is related to the socioeconomic status and the tax base of their locale.

Since local tax revenue also funds schools, police and fire services, and parks and recreation facilities, investments in voting technology often have been given low priority. A wide variety of voting devices are available in the United States, and the landscape of voting technologies is continuously changing. Today, there are very few places where regular voting takes place with paper ballots marked with an "X" next to a candidate's name, as was done in the past, but many computerized systems still depend on paper ballots on which circles are filled in or lines are connected.

These ballots are then scanned mechanically to have the votes recorded. Many jurisdictions still use "lever" machines, on which voters turn a small lever next to the names of the candidates they prefer or the side of an issue they support. Their votes are recorded at the end of this process by pulling a large lever. These machines have not been manufactured in more than 30 years, so they are especially difficult and expensive to maintain.

As a result, they are slowly being phased out. Another very common device is a "punch-card" machine. The ballot is either on a card where holes or punches are made next to a candidate's name, or the card is inserted into a holder that lines up with a ballot image, and then the holes are punched. This is the form of ballot that caused controversy in counting votes for the U. As a result of that situation, punch-card devices are also being phased out.

The current trend is toward adoption of direct recording electronic DRE devices, which have computerized touch screens that resemble automated banking machines. Although there has been considerable discussion of voting by computer or the Internet to make the process easier — and one such system has been tried in an Arizona primary — security specialists are working to refine these systems, and they are not yet in widespread use. A significant change in balloting in recent years has been adopting procedures that make ballots available to voters before election day.

This trend started with provisions for absentee ballots, which are issued to voters who anticipate being away from their home and their voting place on election day. Some locales gradually liberalized this provision, allowing citizens to register as "permanent absentee voters" and routinely have a ballot mailed to their home.

Another new provision is "early voting," for which voting machines are set up in shopping malls and other public places for up to three weeks before election day. Citizens may stop by at their convenience to cast their votes. And in some states, citizens are voting by mail.

In Oregon, all citizens are mailed a ballot 20 days before election day, and they can return the ballot by mail or drop it off at designated locations in person.

Other places — like Seattle and King County in the state of Washington — have adopted voting by mail, but surrounding locales still use DRE or punch-card devices. Across the United States as a whole, more than one-fifth of the electorate cast their ballots before what was formerly known as "election day.

Counting the Votes As the proportion of citizens casting ballots before election day grows, it will become more appropriate to think of the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November — America's traditional presidential election day — not as "election day" but as "counting day. This sort of advance information could affect campaign styles and effort, as well as voter turnout. A number of vivid lessons about counting ballots came to light during the presidential election.

The principal problem in Florida, as determined by the U. Supreme Court in ruling on the disputed election, was the issue of uniform standards in counting different types of ballots. In some jurisdictions, absentee ballots are different from those that appear in the voting device in the precincts. As a result, more than one set of tabulations might have to be made.

And absentee ballots are not counted at all in some jurisdictions if there are fewer absentee ballots than the difference in the vote between the two leading candidates. Clearly the most interesting performance, it is frustratingly parceled out to us in a way that makes you crave a really long scene with just him in it. But instead, his characterization happens in brief, truncated insights.

Hopper is well-cast once again in one of those teetering-on-the-edge roles he excels in. He is a loose cannon in this film--you clearly see his character is unbalanced --and you just dont know what he is going to do at any given moment and that lends the film its tense aspect. But the film doesnt really focus on him. Thats the main problem with this film. Bruno Ganz a fine Swiss actor is the figure that the camera spends the most time on.

He and Hopper and several other figures are all part of the world of art forgery and art smuggling. But Ganz's character--a painting restoration expert--is suffering secretly from a terminal blood disease. His performance is soooo subdued it can make you antsy and annoyed, especially when you know Hopper is around somewhere.

Anyway, when the other shady characters in the movie learn of Ganz's condition they play upon his weakness to manipulate him into taking risks with the gangsters they deal with.

His goal is simply to provide more money for his family after he is gone. There is a nice moral dilemma in this film: My emotional response to the plot: He is pushed to the limits of his moral and physical endurance. Its a tightly-focused story. That being said, one immediately notices that the film's storyline is delivered in tiny, tattered snippets. These 'fragments' are in themselves intriguing. They are well photographed; they are sometimes laden with tension and atmosphere; and they often have taut, fused moments of acting.

There is also a poetic sweetness that occurs when two seemingly unrelated elements finally merge and make sense. Therefore, you know that the director isnt just fluffing it; because tiny motifs that are broken off in the beginning of the film reappear later and complete their meaning. But overall, these slowly-delivered fragments can make one restless at times. There is too much that is unexplained; too much that we have to infer or dismiss because it simply isnt made clear.

None of the characters, nor their subtle relationships to each other, are 'handed to us' outright. They are revealed in the same tiny flashes that forms the constructive style used throughout the whole movie. Its as if Wenders shot long, fully drawn-out and rich scenes of dialogue but then went back and sliced it all up into little bits and pieces. Its a movie that gives one mixed reactions. Kind of hard to characterize what the sum total of this film really is.

Its basically a thriller, but done in such a low, deliberately dead-pan manner; that youre left with no sense of tension. The Hopper character's weird relationship to the main protagonist, is what really leaves an aftertaste in your mouth. Perhaps that was the intent all along. There is a sense of calm and satisfaction at the close of the movie, but more because the chaos is over and things have settled into a peaceful arrangement. Still, I enjoyed the movie and recommend it as worth seeing.

One reason that any film fan should really watch this film is the wonderful cameos by two of America's classic Hollywood directors from the s: Nicholas Ray and Samuel Fuller. After the workers' riots in East Germany in , which were the end result of the government's raising of food prices and factory production quotas, the Communist government blamed the incident on RIAS and the CIA.

Under the supervision of the United States Information Agency from , the station was staffed almost entirely with German employees, who worked under a small American management team. It maintained a large research component during the Cold War , and interviewed travellers from East Germany and compiled material from the East German Communist media, and broadcast programs for specific groups in East Germany, such as youths, women, farmers, even border guards.

This audience began to shrink only when West German television became widely available to viewers in East Germany. Prior to this there were no Western television broadcasts specifically targeted at East Germany although many of the domestic West German TV networks particularly ARD had high power transmitters along the border and could be received throughout most of East where many of their programmes attracted a larger audience than the official East German domestic broadcasters.

The Hof facility was closed and carted off to Mühlacker in , though the Berlin-Britz facility remained in service until , transmitting the programmes of Deutschlandradio Kultur ; it was finally dismantled in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.